Fri 15 October — Sun 13 February

Tracks to Modernity (Europalia 2021)

Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
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Tracks to Modernity (Europalia 2021) Angelo CAVIGLIONI, Dinamismo di treno, 1914 © Collezioni d'Arte e distoria della Fondazione Cassa di Risparmmio in Bologna


An artistic and historical journey on the theme of the train through works by major artists of the 19th and 20th centuries such as Monet, Caillebotte, Spilliaert, Boccioni, Severini, Léger, De Chirico, Mondrian, Servranckx. Caviglioni, Delvaux and Magritte.

ln its early days, the train was the ultimate symbol of modernity. lt was a major tool of the industrial revolution. lt carried the wildest dreams of development and prosperity but also crystalised anxieties and the rejection of change. ln the1820s, the first railway lines appeared in Great Britain to meet the needs of the mining industry. Belgium was the first to follow and in1835, King Leopold Iinaugurated a railway line linking Brussels with Mechelen.

At the end of the19th century, the lmpressionists took up modern subjects, including the railways. Clouds of steam, the movement of trains, the changing light of the station and its surroundings are ail aspects Monet,Caillebotte, De Nittis andOttmann tried to capture. At the same time, the Lumière brothers made L'arrivée d'un train en gare de la Ciotat. Cinema and photography also took pride of place in the railway universe.

Modern society- its speed, violence and the sensations it generated - also fascinated Futurists such as Severini, Carrà, Russolo, Baldessari and Sant'Elia. Boccioni was one of the first to take an interest in the psychological aspects of travel.

The Surrealists adopted the point of view of the traveller: psychological aspects took precedence over the appeal of modernity. Freud's research on the train and its effect on passengers nourished their work. Max Ernst was interested in the microcosm of the train compartment, Blaise Cendrars associated travel with introspection.De Chirico, Delvaux and Magritte generated images of alternative realities, inhabited by motionless movements, timeless trains in a strange and even disturbing world.

Artists' interest in the train diminished from the1950s onwards, but it's making a comeback in an era when modernity and the environment must be reconciled. The artist Fiona Tan will present an installation on this theme.

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Friday, October 15, 2021 — Sunday, February 13, 2022


Monday Closed
Tuesday from 10:00 to 17:00
Wednesday from 10:00 to 17:00
Thursday from 10:00 to 17:00
Friday from 10:00 to 17:00
Saturday from 11:00 to 18:00
Sunday from 11:00 to 18:00


Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium

rue de la Régence, 3
1000 Brussels

T. +32 2 508 32 11

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Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium